What are different EV charging connector types UK?

What is an EV charging connector?

An EV charging connector is a device that connects an electric vehicle to a charging station. The EV connector consists of two parts: an insulating part made of plastic and a contact part made of metal. Now that we know
what an EV connector is and what it does, let’s talk about the EV charging connector types UK based.



EV charging connector types UK residents can purchase

Three main types of electric vehicle (EV) charging connectors are used in the UK: Type 1, Type 2, and CHAdeMO. Type 1 EV connectors are the slowest EV charger and use a standard 120-volt outlet. Type 2 EV connectors are faster and use a 240-volt outlet. CHAdeMO connectors are the fastest type of EV connector and can charge an EV in 30 minutes or less.

Type 1

The type 1 (single-phase) charging connector is not common in Europe. However, it is still used by older electric vehicle models such as the Nissan Leaf. These connectors are typically found on Level 1 (120 volts) chargers. They have a 5-pin plug and typically deliver around 7.4 kilowatts of power.
Type 1 EV charging connectors do not have an automatic locking system, which is their main disadvantage. This means they can become disconnected easily, which can cause problems and may require assistance reconnecting
them.

Type 2

The 7-pin Type 2 connector is Europe’s most common type of EV charging connector. They are popular with newer EV models such as the Tesla Model S.
They have a locking mechanism to prevent accidental disconnection. These connectors also have a built-in circuit breaker to protect against overloading. The main advantage of the Type 2 EV charging connector is that it can support three-phase charging, which allows for faster charging times and supports higher power levels.



CHAdeMO connectors

A CHAdeMO connector is a quick charging connector for electric vehicles. It is a standardised connector developed by the CHAdeMO Association and is used by many manufacturers of electric vehicles and fast chargers. The CHAdeMO connector is a DC connector and can charge an electric car from 0 to 80% in 30 minutes.
CHAdeMO sockets can be found on several cars, including the Nissan Leaf, Mitsubishi i-MiEV, and others. These sockets are used to charge the batteries on these cars and can be found outside the car.



How do EV connectors work?

All EV connectors have a male plug that goes into the EV and a female receptacle. The male plug has several prongs, depending on the connector type, and the female receptacle has corresponding holes.
When an electric vehicle (EV) is connected to a charger, an onboard charger in the EV converts AC power from the charger into DC power. The DC power is then used to charge the EV’s batteries.
The onboard charger in an electric vehicle is typically rated for a specific charging rate in kilowatts (kW). The vehicle will charge at that rate if the charger can provide this power.



Connector standards for electric vehicles

There are many electric vehicle charging standards for connectors, and it can be confusing to know which one to use.

SAE J1772

The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) has developed a set of standards for electric vehicle (EV) charging, known as the SAE J1772 standard. This standard covers Level 1 (120 volts) and Level 2 (240 volts) charging and includes a connector and coupler system that is compatible with all EV makes and models. The SAE J1772 standard is the world’s most widely used EV charging standard and is the only standard that all major EV manufacturers support.

Combined Charging System (CCS)

The Combined Charging System (CCS) allows for the use of both AC and DC power to charge an electric vehicle. The CCS standard is designed to make it easier for people to charge their electric vehicles, by providing a more consistent and reliable way to do so.

Tesla Supercharger

The Tesla Supercharger is a high-speed charging station explicitly designed for Tesla electric vehicles. Tesla Superchargers can charge a Tesla vehicle in about 30 minutes, making them a much faster and more convenient option than traditional charging methods. The Tesla Supercharger network is the most extensive charging network for electric vehicles worldwide. Although Tesla currently only allows its cars to use its Supercharger network, there is a possibility that this may change in the future.

ISO 15118 / Plug and Charge

ISO 15118 / Plug and Charge is an international standard for electric vehicle charging. It enables interoperability between electric vehicles and charging stations. ISO 15118 / Plug and Charge is based on the principle of “plug and play” and uses a communication protocol to exchange information between the charging station and the electric vehicle. This information includes the charging power, the charging current, and the charging duration. ISO 15118 / Plug and Charge is a safe and efficient way to charge electric vehicles and is becoming increasingly popular as the electric vehicle market grows.

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